The key to successful recruiting of new employees is the development of a systematic process for developing job descriptions, generating a pool of candidates and selecting the right candidate. The following are the major steps involved:
- Develop a job analysis to identify skills, knowledge and abilities for each position.
- Create your job description and selection criteria based on the most current information available and modify when necessary.
- Develop your recruitment plan in terms of promoting the job opening and generating a pool of candidates.
- Develop a process for interviewing candidates.
- Create a process for selecting the best candidates.
New Hire Process
Hiring the successful applicant will involve a number of important tasks, steps and paperwork. See the summary below for key information:
- Send the prospective employee an offer letter or contract and other documents, including confidentiality or non-compete agreements if appropriate.
- Be sure all documents are signed
- Prepare for the arrival of the new employee
- Conduct employee on-boarding/new employee orientation
- Follow the New-Hire Steps listed below:
New Hire Requirements
The following are the various steps and requirements involved in the new hire process:
- Form I-9 Eligibility for Employment: All U.S. employers must complete and retain a Form I-9 for each individual they hire for employment in the United States. This includes citizens and noncitizens. To view additional information and download Form I-9, please click here.
- New Hire Reporting: You are required to report any new employee to a designated state new hire registry. Many states accept a copy of Form W-4 with employer information added. Visit the federal Office of Child Support Enforcement website for more information. For more information on new hire reporting, please click here. For more state employer services as it relates to new hire reporting and more, please click here.
- Income tax withholding: Ask each new employee to complete the most current year’s Form W-4.
- Using Form W-4 to Calculate Withholding: To know how much federal income tax to withhold from employees' wages, you should have a Form W-4, Employee's Withholding Allowance Certificate, on file for each employee. Encourage your employees to file an updated Form W-4 for the current year, especially if they owed taxes or received a large refund when filing their previous year tax return. Advise your employees to use the Withholding Calculator on the IRS website for help in determining how many withholding allowances to claim on their Forms W-4. Ask all new employees to give you a signed Form W-4 when they start work. Make the form effective with the first wage payment. If a new employee does not give you a completed Form W-4, withhold income tax as if he or she is single, with no withholding allowances.
- W-4 Form in Spanish: You can provide Formulario W-4(SP), Certificado de Exención de Retenciones del Empleado, in place of Form W-4, Employee's Withholding Allowance Certificate, to your Spanish-speaking employees. For more information, see Publicación 17(SP), El Impuesto Federal sobre los Ingresos (Para Personas Físicas). The rules discussed in this section that apply to Form W-4 also apply to Formulario W-4(SP).
- Effective Date of Form W-4: The Form W-4 remains in effect until the employee gives you a new one. When you receive a new Form W-4 from an employee, do not adjust withholding for pay periods before the effective date of the new form. If an employee gives you a Form W-4 that replaces an existing Form W-4, begin withholding no later than the start of the first payroll period ending on or after the 30th day from the date when you received the replacement Form W-4. For more information, please click here.
- Name and Social Security number: Record each new employee's name and number from his or her social security card. Any employee without a social security card should apply for one.
- Form W-2: At the end of the year, an employer must complete Form W-2 (Wage and Tax Statement) to report wages, tips and other compensation paid to an employee. A copy of this form must be given to the employee by January 31st after the end of the year. You must also send a copy of the W-2 to the Social Security Administration (SSA).
- IRS individual taxpayer identification numbers (ITINs) for aliens: Do not accept an ITIN in place of an SSN for employee identification or for work. An ITIN is only available to resident and nonresident aliens who are not eligible for U.S. employment and need identification for other tax purposes. You can identify an ITIN because it is a 9-digit number, beginning with the number “9” with either a “7” or “8” as the fourth digit and is formatted like an SSN (for example, 9NN-7N-NNNN).