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Health Insurance Nondiscrimination Rules

This page covers the following topics:

  • Overview
  • Section 125 Nondiscrimination Rules for Cafeteria Plans
  • Section 105 Nondiscrimination Rules for Self-Insured Plans
  • HIPAA Nondiscrimination Rules
  • Medicare-Eligible Individual Nondiscrimination Rules
  • Other Nondiscrimination Rules
  • Additional Information


Group health plans and tax-favored accounts—including health savings accounts (HSAs), health flexible spending arrangements (health FSAs), and health reimbursement arrangements (HRAs)—are subject to numerous nondiscrimination provisions under federal law. The most common nondiscrimination provisions are described below.

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